For further information on First Aid tips, please visit the
The British Red Cross website. This site contains valuable information on many different types of situations including resuscitation, nosebleeds,choking and bleeding.
CPR Checklist -Adult
- A Alert
- V Voice
- P Pain
- U Unconscious
- Shout for help
- Tilt Head
- Chin lift
- Feel(10 secs only)
- Not breathing normally Dial 999
- Locate centre of chest
- Deliver 30 compressions
- 4-5cm depth 100 per minute
- Give 2 rescue breaths (Remember to pinch nose while doing so) then 30 chest compressions.
- 30:2 until person recovers,help arrives or you are exhausted.
Please visit Resuscitation Council for further guidance.
Treating a Burn or Scald
- Cool the affected area under cold running water for at least ten minutes.
- Make sure somebody calls an ambulance if it is severe.
- Cover with sterile dressing or cling film.
Treating sprains or strains Remember RICE
- R est. Don’t tray and walk it off.
- I ce. Frozen peas are a great substitute if you don’t have an ice pack to reduce the pain and swelling. Wrap the peas in a tea towel and place them on the injury.
- C ompress. Apply a bandage for support.
- E levate. Keep the injured part above the level of the heart.
- Use cool cloths on sunburned areas.
- Take frequent cool showers or baths.
- Apply soothing lotions that contain aloe vera to sunburned areas. Topical steroids (such as 1% hydrocortisone cream) may also help with sunburn pain and swelling. Note: Do not use the cream on children younger than age 2 unless your doctor tells you to. Do not use in the rectal or vaginal area in children younger than age 12 unless your doctor tells you to.
- A sunburn can cause a mild fever and a headache. Lie down in a cool, quiet room to relieve the headache. A headache may be caused by dehydration, so drinking fluids may help.
- There is little you can do to stop skin from peeling after a sunburn-it is part of the healing process. Lotion may help relieve the itching.
- Begin by cleaning around the wound with soap and water.
- Press on the cut to stop the bleeding, and continue for up to 10 minutes or until you see the blood has formed a clot. For this use a sterile bandage, clean cloth, or if not available, a clean hand. (Try not to use dry gauze, this can stick to the wound). Do not use a band-aid for applying pressure.
- Apply pressure on the wound again if it keeps bleeding. If it is still bleeding after 20 minutes or more please seek medical attention, if necessary call an ambulance. Keep pressing on it while you wait for help.
- Lift the part of the body with the cut higher than the heart. This will slow down blood flow to that spot.
- Apply a first-aid cream, such as Savlon on the cut after it has stopped bleeding and when it is clean and dry. Apply it with a sterile cloth or cotton swab.
- Put one or more band-aids on the cut. Do it this way…put the band-aid across the cut so it can help hold the cut together. The sides of the cut skin should touch, but not overlap. Don’t touch the cut with your hand. You can use a butterfly bandage if you have one. Use more than one bandage for a long cut. Leave the bandage on for 24 hours, before re-applying if in doubt seek medical advice.